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Rethinking Hobbes And Kant

Autor: Chia-Yu Chou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317064151
File Size: 18,24 MB
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Rethinking Hobbes and Kant argues that predominant approaches to the theoretical relationship between Hobbes and Kant have reached conclusions that were pre-digested in assumptions about the ‘isms’ which these two writers are propounding. Chou shows how these assumptions have inhibited commentators from recognising the affinities between Hobbes’s and Kant’s political philosophies, or, if they have, prevented them from providing a plausible explanation of those affinities. To provide a fresh understanding of the relation between Hobbes and Kant, this book examines and compares what they actually wrote about some central conceptions in political theory, as it becomes visible once the assumptions out of which they are formed are set aside. Chou argues that what matters is that that we reflect upon our own assumptions, and that we have at least some conscious awareness that the assumptions of our day were not held all the time and everywhere, and that we do not reify them into crude models which distort the thought of the past and the present in equal measure. This book therefore seeks to bring into the arena of conscious thought assumptions which are deeply rooted in many modern minds and which work to distort many current studies of the relationship between Hobbes’ and Kant’s political philosophies, with negative consequences for the understanding of Hobbes, of Kant, and of politics itself. Providing a fresh understanding of the relation between Hobbes and Kant, this book will be of great use for graduates and scholars of Political Theory, Philosophy and Political Sociology.

International Political Theory

Autor: Kimberly Hutchings
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473946158
File Size: 18,33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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`A lucid, comprehensive analysis of normative approaches to international relations, and an original contribution to critical theory' - Andrew Linklater, University of Keele `Hutchings combines a valuable account of the current state of the art with a lucid expositon of her own, highly distinctive, position. This will be required reading for students in international political theory, and indeed anyone interested in normative issues in international relations' - Chris Brown, London School of Economics and Political Science Providing an invaluable overview of the competing schools of thought in traditional and contemporary international theory, this book seeks to path the way forward for new ways of thinking about international political morality. First, the role and place of normative theory in the study of international politics is explained before a discussion of mainstream approaches within international relations and applied ethics. Here the student is introduced to the central debates between realists and idealists, and cosmopolitans and communitarians. Second, the conceptual challenges of contemporary approaches in critical theory, postmodernism and feminism are outlined and then used as a platform to develop the author's own Hegelian-Foucauldian approach for doing normative international theory. Third, the insights drawn from each approach are applied to the study of two key topics in contemporary theoretical debate: the right to self-determination, and the idea of cosmopolitan democracy, and conclusions drawn for transcending the theoretical deadlock in international relations. Accessibly written and wide-ranging, this text will quickly become essential reading for all students and academics of politics and international relations seeking a deeper understanding of the underlying tensions and future potential of international theory today.

Autor: توماس هوبز
Publisher: Al Manhal
ISBN:
File Size: 11,97 MB
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إنّ كتاب اللوياثان الذي وضعه (سنة 1651)، من الكتب المؤسِّسة لنظرية الفلسفة، وهو يبتكر أسطورة السلطة المطلقة فيضع ركائز التقليد السياسي الحديث.. فقد قرّر البشر، استناداً إلى قُدرتهم الخاصّة على العزم والتفكير، أن يُزوّدوا أنفُسَهُم بقانون مُشترَك ومُصطَنَع، وعندها لم يعد القانون يرتكز على العالم الإلهي، بل على العالم الإنساني. واللفياثان هو كائن بحري خرافي له رأس تنين وجسد وأفعى ويرد ذكره مرات عدة في الكتاب المقدس، أما هوبز فيستعمله ليصور سلطة الحاكم أو الدولة التي يستبدل بها الناس ضمن عقد اجتماعي جديد سلطة الدين أو اللاهوت.

The Sources Of Secularism

Autor: Anna Tomaszewska
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319653946
File Size: 6,20 MB
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This book examines the importance of the Enlightenment for understanding the secular outlook of contemporary Western societies. It shows the new ways of thinking about religion that emerged during the 17th and 18th centuries and have had a great impact on how we address problems related to religion in the public sphere today. Based on the assumption that political concepts are rooted in historical realities, this collection combines the perspective of political philosophy with the perspective of the history of ideas. Does secularism imply that individuals are not free to manifest their beliefs in public? Is secularization the same as rejecting faith in the absolute? Can there be a universal rational core in every religion? Does freedom of expression always go hand in hand with freedom of conscience? Is secularism an invention of the predominantly Christian West, which cannot be applied in other contexts, specifically that of Muslim cultures? Answers to these and related questions are sought not only in current theories and debates in political philosophy, but also in the writings of Immanuel Kant, Benedict Spinoza, Thomas Hobbes, Anthony Collins, Adriaan Koerbagh, Abbé Claude Yvon, Giovanni Paolo Marana, and others.

Autor: احمد كمال مونتيسكيو يونس
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789770033135
File Size: 23,22 MB
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Autor: إنجلزفريدريك
Publisher: Al Manhal
ISBN:
File Size: 8,26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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يمثّل \"ديالكتيك الطبيعة\" واحداً من أبرز أعمال فريدريك انجلز، والكلاسيكيات الماركسية عامة. ففيه يبسّط الفهم المادي الديالكتيكي للطبيعة وعلومها، فيكشف عن الديالكتيك الموضوعي في ميدان الطبيعة ويعمم أهم نتائج تطور العلوم الطبيعية، ليبين أن القوانين الأساسية للديالكتيك عامة وشاملة، وأن المادية الديالكتيكية هي الرؤية العلمية الوحيدة التي تعتمد على العلم اعتماداً كلياً، وتجد فيه ميداناً لاثبات صحتها. ويتصدّى المؤلف للايديولوجية البرجوازية، التي عمل ممثلوها على إشاعة الأمزجة المثالية واللاأدرية في أوساط علماء الطبيعة. وفي سياق هذا يطرح انجلز عدداً من التنبؤات الهامة، التي أثبتت مسيرة العلم اللاحقة تمام صحتها.

Autor: إدوارد سعيد
Publisher:
ISBN: 9786000181413
File Size: 27,65 MB
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Autor: كارل ماركس
Publisher: ktab INC.
ISBN:
File Size: 13,86 MB
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طُبع الكتاب الذي كان عنوانه الرسمي "بؤس الفلسفة: رد على فلسفة البؤس لبرودون في بروكسل، بلجيكا في أوائل يوليو 1847. وقد كتب الكتاب باللغة الفرنسية لضرب هدفه على نحو وثيق، وليكون الجناس في العنوان واضحا بشكل لا لبس فيه. واعتبرت الدائرة السياسية حول ماركس، مثل الرابطة الشيوعية، الكتابَ جزءا أساسيا من برنامجهم المعاصر، إذ أنه حدد وجهات نظر الرابطة من الآراء التي تبناها برودون وأتباعه.